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Title: Life history traits and genotoxic effects on Daphnia magna exposed to waterborne uranium and to a uranium mine effluent - a transgenerational study
Author: Reis, Paulo
Pereira, Ruth
Carvalho, F. P.
Oliveira, J.
Malta, M.
Mendo, Sónia
Lourenço, Joana
Keywords: Transgenerational effects
DNA integrity
Waterborne uranium
Uranium mine effluent
Daphnia magna
Issue Date: Sep-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Assessing the impact of uranium mining industry on aquatic ecosystems near mining areas is critical to ensure the long-term health and sustainability of ecosystem services. As so, a transgenerational study with Daphnia magna has been conducted to perceive to what extent intermittent discharges of uranium mine effluents into watercourses may impact the DNA integrity and life history traits of cladocerans. Organisms were exposed for 48 h to a 2% dilution of an uranium mine effluent (UME) and to a corresponding dose of waterborne uranium (WU) that, according to our preliminary studies, induces significant DNA damage in daphnids. After exposure, organisms were transferred to clean medium, where three successive generations were monitored for genotoxicity and other effects at the individual and population level. Despite some differences between WU and UME data, our results revealed that the negative impacts of the short-term exposure gradually disappeared after placing the organisms in clean medium. These results suggest that, under intermittent stress, daphnids are able to recover, since after the 3rd brood release, DNA damage (measured as DNA strand breaks) is no longer observed and has no significant impact on the detectable life traits of offspring. Although our results indicate that populations of D. magna are not affected by intermittent and highly diluted discharges from uranium mining, aquatic systems under this kind of pressure should not be seen as hazardous-free. Future studies in this field are recommended and these should consider radionuclides in the water column, their accumulation in the sediments and also multiple life stages.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2018.06.009
ISSN: 0166-445X
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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