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|Kinetics and mechanisms of the carbamazepine degradation in aqueous media using novel iodate-assisted photochemical and photocatalytic systems
Costa, Maria Elisabete V.
IO3−-assisted photocatalysis system
|The present study investigates the kinetics and mechanisms of carbamazepine (CBZ) degradation using a novel UV/iodate (IO3-) system for the first time and explores the influence of process conditions on its degradation. UV/IO3- showed high degradation efficiencies in a wide range of pHs, especially under neutral and acidic conditions, indicating that the system can be considered as a promising method to deal with effluents under various pH conditions. Radical scavenging experiments show that both iodine radicals (IO, IO2 and IO3) and hydroxyl radicals play an important role in CBZ degradation. Furthermore, the combination of UV/IO3- with TiO2 was studied to explore the potential of the addition of IO3- to improve the efficiency of the conventional TiO2 photocatalytic system. Scavenging experiments indicated that iodine radicals (IO, IO2 and IO3) were mainly involved in the degradation of CBZ in the UV/IO3-/TiO2 system, and the reaction mechanism equations were proposed for the first time for the studied UV/IO3-/TiO2 system. Several degradation products and four possible pathways of CBZ degradation were also elucidated using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography in combination with a quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (Q-TOF MS). Respirometric tests indicated that the treatment has a positive impact on biomass behavior during subsequent biological purification, highlighting that the developed IO3--assisted AOPs are eco-friendly.
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