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Title: Peptone from casein, an antagonist of nonribosomal peptide synthesis: a case study of pedopeptins produced by Pedobacter lusitanus NL19
Author: Covas, Cláudia
Almeida, Beatriz
Esteves, Ana Cristina
Lourenço, Joana
Domingues, Pedro
Caetano, Tânia
Mendo, Sónia
Keywords: Extreme environments
Antimicrobial activity
Casein peptone
Issue Date: 25-Jan-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Novel natural products are urgently needed to address the worldwide incidence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Extreme environments are a major source of novel compounds with unusual chemical structures. Pedobacter lusitanus NL19 is a new bacterial species that was isolated from one such environment and which produces compounds with potent activity against relevant microorganisms in the clinical, food, veterinary and aquaculture areas. The production of antimicrobials by P. lusitanus NL19 was identified in tryptic soy agar (TSA), but not in its equivalent broth (TSB). It was observed that in TSB medium a high concentration of casein peptone (PC) repressed the production of antibacterial compounds. HPLC, MS and MS/MS spectra with de novo sequencing revealed that the bioactivity of P. lusitanus NL19 was due to the production of pedopeptins. Hence, biosynthesis of pedopeptins is inhibited by high concentrations of PC in the broth medium. Furthermore, a nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) gene cluster was identified in the genome of NL19 encoding the biosynthesis of the peptides. qPCR analysis confirmed that the transcription of these genes is repressed in cells cultivated in high concentrations of PC. It is shown that pedopeptins are nonribosomal peptides with a broad-spectrum activity, including against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.nbt.2020.07.006
ISSN: 1871-6784
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