Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Cut-off scores of the mMRC and CAT to predict short-term exacerbations in people with COPD
Other Titles: Pontos de corte da mMRC e do CAT para predizer exacerbações a curto prazo em pessoas com DPOC
Author: Machado, Ana
Dias, Cíntia
Gonçalves, António Pedro
Mendes, Maria Aurora
Martins, Vitória
Simão, Paula
Burtin, Chris
Marques, Alda
Keywords: COPD
COPD assessment test
Modified Medical Research Council
Patient-reported outcome
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: SPP
Abstract: Introduction: Research on prediction and prevention of acute ex-acerbations in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) has become a priority since these events are frequent and have a negative impact on health status and disease progression. Dyspnoea and poor health status, which can be assessed with the modified Medical Research Council dyspnoea questionnaire (mMRC) and the COPD assessment test (CAT), respectively, have been as-sociated with an increased risk of AECOPD. Cut-off scores for pre-diction of AECOPD are, however, lacking for use in clinical practice.Objectives: To identify the cut-off scores of the mMRC and the CAT for determining risk of an AECOPD in the subsequent month.Methods: An observational, prospective study was conducted in people with COPD. At inclusion, people with COPD had to be clini-cally stable for at least 1 month, i.e., no hospital admissions, AE-COPD or changes in respiratory medication in the last month. Age, sex and lung function were collected cross-sectionally, at baseline, and participants were followed monthly for six months. Follow-up assessments included the mMRC, the CAT and the occurrence of an AECOPD in the previous month. Differences between people who suffered an AECOPD and those who did not suffer an AECOPD were explored with independent t-tests. Receiver operating characteris-tic analysis was performed and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated. The optimal cut-off points were identified by the highest Younden index.Results: In total, 139 people with COPD (67.6 ± 8.8 years; 83.5% male; FEV1 53.6 ± 22.1% predicted) participated. From these, 35 (25.2%) suffered an AECOPD during follow-up. People suffering an AECOPD were older (70.3 ± 9.7 vs. 66.7 ± 8.3 years, p = 0.033) and had worse lung function (FEV1 43.3 ± 13.6 vs. 57.7 ± 23.2%predicted, p < 0.001) than participants who did not suffer an AECOPD. Cut-off scores of 1.5 for the mMRC (AUC = 0.67; 95%CI 0.57-0.76; 71.4% sen-sitivity; 53.8% specificity; accuracy = 0.58) and 16.5 for the CAT total score (AUC = 0.65; 95%CI 0.55-0.75; 45.7% sensitivity; 78.8% specific-ity; accuracy = 0.71) were found to discriminate between people who suffered or not an AECOPD in the subsequent month.Conclusions: The mMRC and the CAT are simple questionnaires with an acceptable discriminative ability and good accuracy in predicting short-term AECOPD. Cut-off scores of 1.5 in the mMRC and 16.5 in the CAT total score may be used to help detecting people with COPD at an increased risk of suffering an AECOPD. The screening of these questionnaires in routine clinical appointments may support clini-cians in identifying people at risk of an AECOPD and thus, possibly contribute to the implementation of timely cost-effective preven-tive strategies.
Peer review: yes
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:Lab3R - Comunicações

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Abstract congress SPP_final.pdf78.63 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Formato BibTex MendeleyEndnote Degois 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.