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Title: Lifestyle integrated functional exercise for people with interstitial lung disease (iLiFE): a mixed-methods feasibility study
Author: Paixão, Cátia
Sara Isabel Lebre de Almeida
Ferreira, Pedro G
Mendes, M Aurora
Brooks, Dina
Marques, Alda
Keywords: Physical activity
Interstitial lung disease
Functional exercise
Activities of daily living
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Background: People with interstitial lung disease (ILD) present low levels of physical activity (PA) and spend most of their time at home, especially in advanced stages of the disease. The Lifestyle Integrated Functional Exercise for people with ILD (iLiFE) embedding PA in patients’ daily routines was developed and implemented. Objectives: This study aimed to explore the feasibility of iLiFE. Methods: A pre/post mixed-methods feasibility study was conducted. Feasibility of iLiFE was determined by participant recruitment/retention, adherence, feasibility of outcome measures and adverse events. Measures of PA, sedentary behaviour, balance, muscle strength, functional performance/capacity, exercise capacity, impact of the disease, symptoms (i.e., dyspnoea, anxiety, depression, fatigue and cough) and health-related quality of life were collected at baseline and post-intervention (12-weeks). Semi-structured interviews with participants were conducted in-person immediately after iLiFE. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed by deductive thematic analysis. Results: Ten participants (5,, 77§3y; FVCpp 77.1 § 4.4, DLCOpp 42.4 § 6.6) were included, but only nine completed the study. Recruitment was challenging (30%) and retention high (90%). iLiFE was feasible, with excellent adherence (84.4%) and no adverse events. Missing data were associated with one dropout and noncompliance with the accelerometer (n = 1). Participants reported that iLiFE contributed to (re)gain control in their daily life, namely through improving their well-being, functional status and motivation. Weather, symptoms, physical impairments and lack of motivation were identified as threats to keep an active lifestyle. Conclusions: iLiFE seems to be feasible, safe and meaningful for people with ILD. A randomised controlled trial is needed to strengthen these promising findings.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.02.018
ISSN: 0147-9563
Appears in Collections:Lab3R - Artigos

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