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Title: A guide to polysaccharide-based hydrogel bioinks for 3D bioprinting applications
Author: Teixeira, Maria C.
Lameirinhas, Nicole S.
Carvalho, João P. F.
Silvestre, Armando J. D.
Vilela, Carla
Freire, Carmen S. R.
Keywords: 3D bioprinting
Cell-laden constructs
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is an innovative technology in the biomedical field, allowing the fabrication of living constructs through an approach of layer-by-layer deposition of cell-laden inks, the so-called bioinks. An ideal bioink should possess proper mechanical, rheological, chemical, and biological characteristics to ensure high cell viability and the production of tissue constructs with dimensional stability and shape fidelity. Among the several types of bioinks, hydrogels are extremely appealing as they have many similarities with the extracellular matrix, providing a highly hydrated environment for cell proliferation and tunability in terms of mechanical and rheological properties. Hydrogels derived from natural polymers, and polysaccharides, in particular, are an excellent platform to mimic the extracellular matrix, given their low cytotoxicity, high hydrophilicity, and diversity of structures. In fact, polysaccharide-based hydrogels are trendy materials for 3D bioprinting since they are abundant and combine adequate physicochemical and biomimetic features for the development of novel bioinks. Thus, this review portrays the most relevant advances in polysaccharide-based hydrogel bioinks for 3D bioprinting, focusing on the last five years, with emphasis on their properties, advantages, and limitations, considering polysaccharide families classified according to their source, namely from seaweed, higher plants, microbial, and animal (particularly crustaceans) origin.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/ijms23126564
ISSN: 1661-6596
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Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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