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Title: From regenerated wood pulp fibers to cationic cellulose: preparation, characterization and dyeing properties
Author: Pereira, Bárbara
Matos, Filipe S.
Valente, Bruno F. A.
Weymarn, Niklas Von
Kamppuri, Taina
Freire, Carmen S. R.
Silvestre, Armando J. D.
Vilela, Carla
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The global demand for sustainable textile fibers is growing and has led to an increasing research interest from both academia and industry to find effective solutions. In this research, regenerated wood pulp fibers were functionalized with glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride (GTAC) to produce modified regenerated cellulose with cationic pending groups for improved dye uptake. The resultant cationic cellulose with a degree of substitution (DS) between 0.13 and 0.33 exhibited distinct morphologies and contact angles with water ranging from 65.7◦ to 82.5◦ for the fibers with DS values of 0.13 and 0.33, respectively. Furthermore, the thermal stability of the modified regenerated cellulose fibers, albeit lower than the pristine ones, reached temperatures up to 220 ◦C. Additionally, the modified fibers showed higher dye exhaustion and dye fixation values than the non-modified ones, attaining maxima values of 89.3% ± 0.9% and 80.6% ± 1.3%, respectively, for the cationic fibers with a DS of 0.13. These values of dye exhaustion and dye fixation are ca. 34% and 77% higher than those obtained for the non-modified fibers. Overall, regenerated wood pulp cellulose fibers can be used, after cationization, as textiles fiber with enhanced dye uptake performance that might offer new options for dyeing treatments.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/polysaccharides3030036
ISSN: 2673-4176
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Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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