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Title: Ecotoxicological evaluation of magnetic ionic liquids
Author: Sintra, Tânia E.
Nasirpour, Maryam
Siopa, Filipa
Rosatella, Andreia A.
Gonçalves, Fernando
Coutinho, João A. P.
Afonso, Carlos A. M.
Ventura, Sónia P. M.
Keywords: Ecotoxicity
Magnetic ionic liquids
Risk assessment
Vibrio fischeri
Issue Date: Sep-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Although magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) are not yet industrially applied, their continued development and eventual commercial use may lead to their appearance into the aquatic ecosystem through accidental spills or effluents, consequently promoting aquatic contaminations. Furthermore, the deficient information and uncertainty surrounding the environmental impact of MILs could be a major barrier to their widespread industrial application and international registration. Thus, in the present work, a range of cholinium salt derivatives with magnetic properties was synthesized and their ecotoxicity was evaluated towards the luminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri. The results suggest that all MILs structures tested are moderately toxic, or even toxic, to the bacteria. Furthermore, their toxicity is highly dependent on the structural modifications of the cation, namely the alkyl side chain length and the number of hydroxyethyl groups, as well as the atomic number of the metal anion. Finally, from the magnetic anions evaluated, the [MnCl4]2- is the less toxic. In order to improve the knowledge for the prospective design of environmentally safer MILs, it is important to expand this study to other aquatic organisms at different trophic levels.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.05.034
ISSN: 0147-6513
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
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