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Title: Evaluating the hazardous impact of ionic liquids: challenges and opportunities
Author: Magina, Sandra
Barros-Timmons, Ana
Ventura, Sónia P. M.
Evtuguin, Dmitry V.
Keywords: Ecosystem
Ionic liquids
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Ionic liquids (ILs), being related to the design of new environmentally friendly solvents, are widely considered for applications within the "green chemistry" concept. Due to their unique properties and wide diversity, ILs allow tailoring new separation procedures and producing new materials for advanced applications. However, despite the promising technical performance, environmental concerns highlighted in recent studies focused on the toxicity and biodegradability of ILs and their metabolites have revealed that ILs safety labels are not as benign as previously claimed. This review refers to the fundamentals about the properties and applications of ILs also in the context of their potential environmental effect. Toxicological issues and harmful effects related to the use of ILs are discussed, including the evaluation of their biodegradability and ecological impact on diverse organisms and ecosystems, also with respect to bacteria, fungi, and cell cultures. In addition, this review covers the tools used to assess the toxicity of ILs, including the predictive computational models and the results of studies involving cell membrane models and molecular simulations. Summing up the knowledge available so far, there are still no reliable criteria for unequivocal attribution of toxicity and environmental impact credentials for ILs, which is a challenging research task.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.125215
ISSN: 0304-3894
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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