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Title: Binary superradiance: a numerical study
Author: Ribeiro, Diogo C.
Zilhão, Miguel
Cardoso, Vitor
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2022
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: Rotating axisymmetric objects amplify incoming waves by superradiant scattering. When enclosed in a cavity, the repeated interaction of a confined field with the object may trigger superradiant instabilities. Rotating binaries are ubiquitous in physics, and play a fundamental role in astrophysics and in everyday life instruments. Such binaries may be prone to superradiant phenomena as well, but their inherent complexity makes it challenging to study how exactly such instabilities can be triggered. Here, we study a binary of two absorbing objects (mimicking black hole binaries, blades of an helicopter, etc) revolving around a common center, and show that superradiant instabilities do occur, on expected timescales and frequency range. Our results provide the first demonstration that superradiance also occurs for highly asymmetric systems, and may have a wealth of applications in fluid dynamics and astrophysics. Extrapolating to astrophysical black holes, our findings indicate that compact binaries may be used as interesting particle detectors, depositing a fraction of their energy into putative new fundamental ultralight degrees of freedom.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.105.084004
ISSN: 1550-7998
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Artigos
GGDG - Artigos

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