Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/33949
Title: The acute impact of the early stages of COVID-19 pandemic in people with pre-existing psychiatric disorders: a systematic review
Author: Carvalho, Sandra
Coelho, Catarina G.
Kluwe-Schiavon, Bruno
Magalhães, Juliana
Leite, Jorge
Keywords: Mental health
Psychiatric disorders
COVID-19 pandemic
Systematic review
Issue Date: 23-Apr-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: People with pre-pandemic health conditions are more vulnerable and more likely to suffer greater psychosocial impact due to the current COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown measures. Thus, the objective of this work was to systematically review the impact of the early stages COVID-19 pandemic on people with pre-existing psychiatric disorders. The search was performed between 23 January and 2 September 2021 in PubMed, PsycINFO, and EMBASE. A total of 4167 published results were identified; however, only 49 were included in this review. Results show that there was considerable heterogeneity among studies, which resulted in a low consensus. However, it seems that the impact of the first stage of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychiatric disorders was two-fold: (1) an overall effect, in which people suffering from psychiatric disorders in general experienced more psychological distress and anxiety when compared to people who had no psychiatric diagnosis, and (2) a condition-specific effect, namely in people suffering from eating disorders and obsessive compulsive disorders. Moreover, the current work highlights that there were also some external factors that were related to worsening symptoms. For instance, unemployment or experiencing work and financial difficulties can be a trigger for greater distress during the pandemic for people with mood disorders, and being alone and in social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic may actually increase substance use and relapse rates. Further studies are needed to prospectively investigate the long-term effects of the current COVID-19 pandemic on people with (pre)-existing psychiatric conditions and on the onset or deterioration of psychiatric-related symptoms in a larger number of participants, as well as exploring the long-term effects of the current pandemic on mental health.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/33949
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19095140
ISSN: 1661-7827
Publisher Version: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/9/5140
Appears in Collections:DEP - Artigos
WJCR - Artigos

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