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Title: Assessment of existing RC precast industrial buildings according with Eurocode 8 – part 3
Author: Batalha, Nádia
Rodrigues, Hugo
Sousa, Romain
Varum, Humberto
Fernandes, Paulo
Keywords: Precast
Reinforced concrete
Industrial buildings
Seismic assessment
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Abstract: Precast reinforced concrete (PRC) buildings are common in the Portuguese industrial park, as well as throughout Europe. In past earthquakes, namely in Italy and Turkey, this typology of buildings showed a poor performance, namely at structural level. One of the major concerns at structural level regards the connection between the beams and columns. In recent surveys at the Portuguese industrial buildings, it was observed that the buildings built before 1980 present, most of the times, only friction connections between beam and columns. This type of connection is pointed as one of the weakest structural system in this typology of structures and consequently led to serious local and global damage when subjected to seismic loads. Regarding this issue, it was considered appropriate and necessary the study of existing Portuguese buildings with this type of beam-to-column connection and compare it with the use of mechanical connections (dowels), which is a more common solution in the recent buildings. The seismic behaviour of two PRC buildings built with these two solutions was analysed considering nonlinear static and dynamic analyses addressing both global and local (connections) response parameters. When analysed in view of the seismic regulation for existing buildings (Eurocode 8 –Part 3), the results obtained show that, overall, this typology of buildings present an acceptable structural performance. Nonetheless, unsatisfactory performance was observed at the beam-to-column connection in one of the buildings built without steel dowels. The results presented in this study highlight the need to consider adequate models to simulate these connections in order to accurately represent the seismic behaviour on the structure and identify possible limitations in the use of nonlinear static procedures to assess the seismic performance of this typology of buildings. In general, the buildings in study, located in a region of moderate seismicity, exhibited a satisfactory behaviour. However particular attention should be paid to beam-to-column connections, especially in the case of friction connections. In this regard it is important to accurately represent in the model the mechanisms involved in the connections, particularly in buildings located in moderate to high seismic zones.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:DECivil - Comunicações
RISCO - Comunicações

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