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Title: Phase transitions in the metastable perovskite multiferroics BiCrO3 and BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3: A comparative study
Author: Cardoso, João Pedro
Delmonte, Davide
Gilioli, Edmondo
Fertman, Elena L.
Fedorchenko, Alexey V.
Shvartsman, Vladimir V.
Paukšta, Vaidotas
Grigalaitis, Robertas
Banys, Juras
Khalyavin, Dmitry D.
Vieira, Joaquim M.
Salak, Andrei
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2020
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: The temperature behavior of the crystal structure as well as dielectric and magnetic properties of the perovskite bismuth chromate ceramics with the 10 mol % Cr3+-to-Sc3+ substitution were studied and compared with those of the unmodified compound. Using a high-pressure synthesis, BiCrO3 and BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3 were obtained as metastable perovskite phases which are monoclinic C2/c with the √6ap × √2ap × √6ap superstructure (where ap is the primitive perovskite unit-cell parameter) under ambient conditions. At room temperature, the unit cell volume of BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3 is ∼1.3% larger than that of BiCrO3. Both perovskites undergo a reversible structural transition into a nonpolar GdFeO3-type phase (orthorhombic Pnma, √2ap × 2ap × √2ap) in the temperature ranges of 410-420 K (BiCrO3) and 470-520 K (BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3) with a relative jump of the primitive perovskite unit cell volume of about -1.6 and -2.0%, respectively. Temperature dependences of the complex dielectric permittivity demonstrate anomalies in the phase transition ranges. The Pnma-to-C2/c crossover in BiCrO3 is accompanied by a decrease in the direct current (dc) conductivity, while in BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3 the conductivity increases. The onset of an antiferromagnetic order in BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3 is observed at the Néel temperature (TN) of about 85 K as compared with TN = 110 K in BiCrO3. In contrast to BiCrO3, which exhibits a spin reorientation at Tsr ∼ 72 K, no such a transition occurs in BiCr0.9Sc0.1O3.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c00338
ISSN: 0020-1669
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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