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Title: MIGRATE: mobile device virtualisation through state transfer
Author: Santa, Jose
Ortiz, Jordi
Fernandez, Pedro J.
Luis, Miguel
Gomes, Christian
Oliveira, Jorge
Gomes, Diogo
Sanchez-Iborra, Ramon
Sargento, Susana
Skarmeta, Antonio F.
Keywords: NFV
Computing offloading
Multi-access edge computing
Data collection
Issue Date: 3-Feb-2020
Publisher: IEEE
Abstract: Delegation of processing tasks to the network has moved from cloud-based schemes to edge computing solutions where nearby servers process requests in a timely manner. Virtualisation technologies have recently given data cloud and network providers the required flexibility to offer such on-demand resources. However, the maintenance of close computing resources presents a challenge when the served devices are on the move. In this case, if processing continuity is desired, a transference of processing resources and task state should be committed to maintain the service to end devices. The solution here presented, MIGRATE, proposes the concept of virtual mobile devices (vMDs) implemented as Virtual Functions (VxF) and acting as virtual representatives of physical processing devices. vMDs are instantiated at the edge of the access network, following a Multi-Access Edge Computing (MEC) approach, and move across different virtualisation domains. MIGRATE provides seamless and efficient transference of these software entities to follow the real location of mobile devices and continue supporting their physical counterparts. Software Defined Networks and Management and Operation functions are exploited to “migrate” vMDs to new virtualisation domains by forwarding data flows to the former domain until the new one is prepared, while a distributed data base avoids the transference of data. The solution has been deployed in a reference vehicular scenario at the Institute of Telecommunications Aveiro premises within the 5GINFIRE European project. In particular, the system has been evaluated under different virtualisation domains to study the operation of the migration approach in a vehicular monitoring scenario. The results validate the system from the application viewpoint with a Web monitoring tool, and the migration of the digital twin provided as VxF is analysed attending to the modification of data flows, indicating a seamless transition between virtualisation domains in a timely manner.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2971090
ISSN: 2169-3536
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IT - Artigos

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