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Title: Numerical modelling of the aerial drop of firefighting agents by fixed-wing aircraft. Part II: model validation
Author: Amorim, J. H.
Keywords: Drop effectiveness
Drop testing
Model evaluation
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Abstract: The validation of the Aerial Drop Model consisted of the comparison of computed ground patterns with experimentaldata fromaset ofreal-scale droptestsusingwater anda widerange offire retardant viscosities.Results were analysed in terms of pattern length and area. A total of 78% of the computed line lengths per coverage level were within a 10% error, with an average normalised mean squared error of 0.01 and a Pearson correlation coefficient above 0.9. In all cases,nearly90%oftheresultswerewithinafactorof2ofobservations.Theaccuracyofthesimulationsshowednostrong relation with the viscosity, although better results were obtained in the range from 700 to 1100cP. In general, the model produced a good representation of the spatial distribution of the agent for various coverage levels and its accuracy was, in fact,within thestatistical uncertaintyofthecup-and-gridsampling method.Thegoodperformanceobtaineddemonstrates that this tool, for the tested range of drop conditions, fulfils the requirements for use in the optimisation of firefighting operations, as a complementary method to real-scale drop testing, and in firefighter training activities.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1071/WF09123
ISSN: 1049-8001
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DAO - Artigos

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