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Title: Finite Element Analysis of Bone and Experimental Validation
Author: Almeida, Francisco M. P.
Completo, António M. G.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: This chapter describes the application of the finite element (FE) method to bone tissues. The aspects that differ the most between bone and other materials’ FE analysis are the type of elements used, constitutive models, and experimental validation. These aspects are looked at from a historical evolution stand point. Several types of elements can be used to simulate similar bone structures and within the same analysis many types of elements may be needed to realistically simulate an anatomical part. Special attention is made to constitutive models, including the use of density-elasticity relationships made possible through CT-scanned images. Other more complex models are also described that include viscoelasticity and anisotropy. The importance of experimental validation is discussed, describing several methods used by different authors in this challenging field. The use of cadaveric human bones is not always possible or desirable and other options are described, as the use of animal or artificial bones. Strain and strain rate measuring methods are also discussed, such as rosette strain gauges and optical devices.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37541-6_7
ISBN: 978-3-030-37540-9
Appears in Collections:DEM - Capítulo de livro

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