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|The influence of Arsenic on the toxicity of carbon nanoparticles in bivalves
De Marchi, Lucia
Soares, Amadeu M. V. M.
|Mixture of contaminants
Functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes
|Although an increasing number of studies have been published on the eﬀects of emergent pollutants such as carbon nanoparticles, there is still scarce information on the impact of these contaminants on marine organisms when acting in combination with classical pollutants such as meta(loid)s. The present study evaluated the impacts of Arsenic and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) in the clam Ruditapes philippinarum, assessing the eﬀects induced when both contaminants were acting individually (As, NP) and as a mixture (As+NP). Metabolic capacity (electron transport system activity), oxidative stress (antioxidant and biotransformation enzymes activity and cellular damage) and neurotoxicity (Acetylcholinesterase activity) biomarkers were evaluated inclams aftera28 daysexposure period.Theresults obtained showedthatthe accumulation ofAs was not aﬀected by the presence of the NPs. Our results demonstrated that higher injuries were noticed in clams exposed to NPs, with higher metabolic depression and oxidative stress, regardless of the presence of As. Furthermore, higher neurotoxicity was observed in clams exposed to the combination of both contaminants in comparison to the eﬀects of As and NPs individually.
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