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|Title:||Does the exposure to salinity variations and water dispersible carbon nanotubes induce oxidative stress in Hediste diversicolor?|
|Author:||Lucia De Marchi|
Soares, Amadeu M. V. M.
Water dispersible multi-walled carbon nanotubes
|Abstract:||Salinity plays a fundamental role in naturally ﬂuctuating environments such as estuaries inﬂuencing physiological and biochemical performance of inhabiting biota. Moreover salinity is considered one of the main factors inﬂuencing nanoparticles' stability. Thus, the aim of the present paper was to show the impacts induced by diﬀerent salinities (control-28 and 21) on the chemical behavior of water dispersible multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs-COOH) and the consequent toxicity in the common ragworm Hediste diversicolor, after long term exposure. Results showed a concentration-dependent toxicity in terms of energy reserves and metabolism, oxidative status and neurotoxicity. In addition, under low salinity (21), the toxicity of the carbon NMs was similar to the impacts measured under control (28), although under salinity 28 the concentrations of MWCNTsCOOH used generated greater alterations in LPO levels and antioxidant enzymes (SOD and GPx). These results demonstrate that higher salinity caused the formation of large-size aggregates, which increased the chance of physical retention, such as gravitational sedimentation, interception and straining of f-MWCNTs generating higher cell injuries than the impacts induced in polychaetes sensitivity to these contaminates due to low salinity.|
|Appears in Collections:||TEMA - Artigos|
CESAM - Artigos
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|De Marchi et al., 2018_MER.pdf||1.48 MB||Adobe PDF|
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