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Title: Does the exposure to salinity variations and water dispersible carbon nanotubes induce oxidative stress in Hediste diversicolor?
Author: Lucia De Marchi
Neto, Victor
Pretti, Carlo
Chiellini, Federica
Morelli, Andrea
Soares, Amadeu M. V. M.
Figueira, Etelvina
Freitas, Rosa
Keywords: Salinity shifts
Water dispersible multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Hediste diversicolor
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Salinity plays a fundamental role in naturally fluctuating environments such as estuaries influencing physiological and biochemical performance of inhabiting biota. Moreover salinity is considered one of the main factors influencing nanoparticles' stability. Thus, the aim of the present paper was to show the impacts induced by different salinities (control-28 and 21) on the chemical behavior of water dispersible multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs-COOH) and the consequent toxicity in the common ragworm Hediste diversicolor, after long term exposure. Results showed a concentration-dependent toxicity in terms of energy reserves and metabolism, oxidative status and neurotoxicity. In addition, under low salinity (21), the toxicity of the carbon NMs was similar to the impacts measured under control (28), although under salinity 28 the concentrations of MWCNTsCOOH used generated greater alterations in LPO levels and antioxidant enzymes (SOD and GPx). These results demonstrate that higher salinity caused the formation of large-size aggregates, which increased the chance of physical retention, such as gravitational sedimentation, interception and straining of f-MWCNTs generating higher cell injuries than the impacts induced in polychaetes sensitivity to these contaminates due to low salinity.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0141-113
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