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Title: Lateralization in refuge selection in Podarcis hispanica at different hierarchical levels
Author: García-Muñoz, Enrique
Gomes, Verónica
Carretero, Miguel A.
Keywords: Antipredatory behavior
Behavioral asymmetry
Hierarchical levels
Wall lizards
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: The traditional explanation of brain lateralization is that it avoids costly duplication of neural circuitry with the same function as well as decreasing the interference between different functions. This advantage could have important ecological implications in terms of predator–prey interactions. If species are lateralized in escape behavior at an individual level, any predator is facing individually asymmetric prey. On the other hand, if species are lateralized at a higher hierarchical level, such as at the population or species level, the predator can learn from experience arising from earlier encounters. In the present study, we investigate patterns of lateralization in 5 lizard populations of the Podarcis hispanica species complex, with the aim of analyzing the occurrence of lateralization at different hierarchical levels. Our results show that refuge selection during escape behavior is not universal in the P. hispanica species complex at different hierarchical levels, some individuals and populations are lateralized, with a consistent bias toward the refuge on the right. However, 2 populations showed no refuge preference, with lack of lateralization mainly arising due to the dominance of individuals with no preference rather than from a mix of right- and left-biased individuals. When considered at the P. hispanica species complex level, a pattern for right-refuge preference was found.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1093/beheco/ars058
ISSN: 1045-2249
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos

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