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Title: Does teacher's education affect student performance?
Author: Murillo, K.
Rocha, E.
Freitas, A.
Pardo, C.
Keywords: Quality of education
Teacher's education
Student performance
Higher education
Canonical correlation analysis
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: IATED
Abstract: Increasingly questions arise regarding the educational process and which factors are of key importance to increase the quality of education. According to Clare Kosnik, "Quality in education depends directly on the quality of teachers and the quality of the curriculum." However, to what extent is this true? It is known that, many agents intervene in the educational process as the quality of curriculum, students, teachers, teaching methods, governance, financing, evaluation and linkage with other apex institutions. In this sense, it is interesting to analyse how the quality of education should be evaluated, as a direct consequence of teacher training, the results of students, the conditions and strategies in which teaching is developed, or an evaluation in which all do these aspects interfere. This work aims to address one of the above questions, which causes major debates among educational analysts: to what extent does education level and research outcomes of teachers interfere with the skills and performance of higher education students? Specifically, we examined 165 higher education institutions (HEI), public and private, in Colombia in the year of 2016. The Colombian HEI system is composed of technical institutes focused on vocational education, university institutions focused on technological education, and universities focused on under-graduate degrees (e.g. bachelor or diploma) and post-graduate degrees (e.g. specialisation, master or doctorate). The data include twelve variables: six variables related with teacher education level and research outcomes (i.e. teachers with specialisation, teachers with masters, teachers with doctorate, teachers without postgraduate, number of citations and intellectual production score) and six variables related with student performance (i.e. quantitative reasoning, critical reading, written communication, employability and postgraduate ingresses). A canonical correlation analysis (CCA) was performed to establish correlations between the formation of the teachers of higher education and the results of their students, aiming to identify the main association degree and the impact of them. The methodology involves CCA with filtering to deal with outliers and the application of Box-Cox transformations to transform non-normal variables in near normal ones. Statistical tests based on Wilks Lambda, Hotelling-Lawley Trace, Pillai-Bartlett Trace and Roy's Largest Root were applied in order to verify the significance of the results. These approaches identify the degree and the most relevant relationships between variables of teacher training/research and variables of student performance in higher education.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.21125/edulearn.2019.1423
ISBN: 978-84-09-12031-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Capítulo de livro
DMat - Capítulo de livro
FAAG - Capítulo de livro

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