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Title: Solar thermochemical CO2 splitting using cork-templated ceria ecoceramics
Author: Oliveira, Fernando A. Costa
Barreiros, Maria Alexandra
Abanades, Stéphane
Caetano, Ana P. F.
Novais, Rui M.
Pullar, Robert C.
Keywords: CO2 splitting
Concentrated solar power
Solar fuels
Thermochemical cycle
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This work addresses the solar-driven thermochemical production of CO and O2 from two-step CO2-splitting cycles, using both ceria granules prepared from cork templates (CG) and ceria foams from polyurethane templates (CF). These materials were cycled in a high-temperature indirectly-irradiated solar tubular reactor using a temperature-swing process. Samples were typically reduced at 1400 °C using concentrated solar power as a heating source and subsequently oxidised with CO2 between 1000–1200 °C. On average, CO production yields for CG were two times higher than for CF, indicating that the morphology of this three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3-DOM) CeO2 improves the reaction kinetics. Their performance stability was demonstrated by conducting 11 cycles under solar irradiation conditions. Slightly increasing the reduction temperature strongly enhanced the reduction extent, and thus the CO production yield (reaching about 0.2 mmol g−1 after reduction at 1450 °C in inert gas), while decreasing the oxidation temperature mainly improved the CO production rate (up to 1.43 μmol s−1 g−1 at 1000 °C). Characterisation of the 3-DOM structure, by means of XRD and SEM, provided insights into the reactivity behaviour of the developed materials. The pre-sintered ceria granules retained their structure after cycling. The fact that the mean cell size of CG is smaller (at least one order of magnitude) than that of CF suggests that its exposed surfaces enhanced reaction rates by a factor of two. Moreover, the maximum fuel production rate of CG was roughly three times greater than that reported previously for a ceria reticulated porous foam with dual-scale porosity.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcou.2018.06.015
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DEMaC - Artigos

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