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Title: High-Pressure 3D C60 fcc Polymer
Author: Laranjeira, J.
Marques, L.
Melle-Franco, M.
Strutynski, K.
Mezouar, M.
Barroso, M.
Issue Date: 14-Apr-2019
Abstract: A new C60 polymerized face-centered cubic (fcc) phase has been obtained at 9 GPa and 55O°C. The high-pressure high-temperature polymerization process was followed in situ through synchrotron x- ray diffraction. The short lattice constant, 13.19A, displayed by the recovered samples indicates that a three-dimensional polymer has been prepared, although the determination of its crystal structure was hampered by the low-resolution diffraction data. We have performed density functional theory (DFT) investigations of possible C60 polymerized structures, with molecules adopting one of the two standard orientations, which are compatible with cubic crystal lattices. Ordered binary-alloy-type structures (AuCuI, Au3Cu, CuPt, “A2B2”) were used as prototypes in constructing these theoretical structures, with one standard orientation corresponding to the A atom and the other orientation to the B atom. The DFT calculations show that intermolecular bonds, 56/56 2+2 cycloadition, are formed between molecules with different orientations but no bond is formed between molecules with the same orientation. Although the calculated distances between neighboring molecules, at room pressure and at 9.5 GPa, are close to the experimental value, these DFT structures display symmetries lower than cubic, suggesting that the experimental fcc structure is disordered/frustrated with the two standard molecular orientations, and thus the 56/56 2+2 cycloadition bonds, occurring at random [1]. The electronic and elastic properties of such polymeric structures were also calculated, at room pressure and at 9.5 GPa. All these structures show metallic behavior [2] and their bulk moduli ranges between 88 and 132 GPa [3].
Peer review: no
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