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Title: Evaluation of word embedding vector averaging functions for biomedical word sense disambiguation
Author: Antunes, Rui
Matos, Sérgio
Keywords: Biomedical word sense disambiguation
Knowledge-based approaches
Word embeddings
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Publisher: UA Editora
Abstract: The biomedical lexicon contains a large amount of term ambiguity, which hinders correct identification of concepts and reduces the accuracy of semantic indexing and information retrieval tools. Previous work on biomedical word sense disambiguation has shown that supervised machine learning leads to better results than knowledge-based approaches. However, machine learning approaches require the availability of sufficient training data, and generalization performance behind the test data is not known. Knowledge-based methods on the other hand make use of existing knowledge-bases and are therefore mostly limited to the quality of such sources of information about concepts. In this work, we used word embedding vectors to complement the knowledge-base information. We represent the context of an ambiguous term by the average of the embedding vectors of words around the term, and evaluate the impact of using word distance for weighting this average. We show how this weighting improves the disambiguation accuracy of the knowledge-based approach in a subset of the reference MSH WSD data set from 86% to 88%.
Peer review: yes
ISBN: 978-972-789-522-9
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Appears in Collections:IEETA - Comunicações

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