Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/25051
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dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Anapt_PT
dc.contributor.authorJácome, Cristinapt_PT
dc.contributor.authorMarques, Aldapt_PT
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-10T15:37:39Z-
dc.date.available2019-01-10T15:37:39Z-
dc.date.issued2014-05-
dc.identifier.issn0891-4222pt_PT
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10773/25051-
dc.description.abstractSpina Bifida (SB) is characterized by several physical impairments; however, data on physical fitness and on the benefits of exercise training in individuals with SB are dispersed in the literature. Thus, this systematic review aimed to describe (i) physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, body composition, flexibility and neuromotor) and (ii) exercise training effects on the physical fitness of individuals with SB. CINAHL, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from January to March 2013 and updated in December 2013. Twenty-three studies were included. A summary of the results was performed using a best-evidence synthesis. Participants with SB had lower cardiorespiratory endurance (-32 to 54% in VO2 peak) and muscle strength (-58 to 90%) and higher body fat (159%) than their healthy peers. Mobility restrictions were present in 26.3-61% of participants. No data on neuromotor fitness were found. Aerobic and strength training improved participants' cardiorespiratory endurance (effect sizes 0.78-1.4) and muscle strength (effect sizes 0-0.59). Individuals with SB have impaired cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, body composition and flexibility when compared to healthy peers. Exercise training seems to improve two of these fitness components (cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength). Nevertheless, the heterogeneity of the studies' designs, methods and instruments used limits the establishment of firm conclusions and highlights the need for further research.pt_PT
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.publisherElsevierpt_PT
dc.rightsopenAccesspt_PT
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt_PT
dc.subjectExercise trainingpt_PT
dc.subjectPhysical fitnesspt_PT
dc.subjectSpina Bifidapt_PT
dc.titlePhysical fitness and exercise training on individuals with spina bifida: a systematic reviewpt_PT
dc.typearticlept_PT
dc.description.versionpublishedpt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
degois.publication.firstPage1119pt_PT
degois.publication.issue5pt_PT
degois.publication.lastPage1136pt_PT
degois.publication.titleResearch in Developmental Disabilitiespt_PT
degois.publication.volume35pt_PT
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ridd.2014.02.002pt_PT
dc.identifier.essn1873-3379pt_PT
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