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Title: Photoinhibition in benthic diatom assemblages under light stress
Author: Cartaxana, P.
Domingues, N.
Cruz, S.
Jesus, B.
Laviale, M.
Serôdio, J.
Da Silva, J. Marques
Keywords: Antioxidants
D1 protein
Reactive oxygen species
Xanthophyll cycle
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Inter Research
Abstract: Microphytobenthos are frequently subjected to light intensities higher than those required to saturate photosynthesis, which consequently can cause photoinhibition. Photosystem II (PSII) protein D1 (the main target of photoinhibition) and xanthophyll cycle pigments were quantified in epipelic benthic diatom assemblages under high irradiance, in the presence of inhibitors and promoters of photoprotection mechanisms. Levels of D1 protein were significantly lower under high irradiance (1 h, 1500 µmol photons m–2 s–1) than under low light (80 µmol photons m–2 s–1), corresponding to a photoinhibition of 22 to 29%. Photoinhibition increased to 44 and 80% in the presence of lincomycin (inhibitor of chloroplast-protein synthesis) and dithiothreitol (inhibitor of the xanthophyll cycle), respectively. High light treatment had no significant effect on D1 protein concentrations in the presence of added glutathione and ascorbate, scavengers of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In contrast, the ROS promoter methylviologen increased photoinhibition to 63%. Under light stress, the functional stability of PSII reaction centres of the studied epipelic benthic diatoms was more dependent on xanthophyll cycle activation than on D1 protein recycling mechanisms, and our results substantiate the role of antioxidants in photoprotection via ROS scavenging.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3354/ame01648
ISSN: 0948-3055
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