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|Title:||Direct transcription methods based on fractional integral approximation formulas for solving nonlinear fractional optimal control problems|
|Author:||Salati, Abubakar Bello|
Torres, Delfim F. M.
|Keywords:||Fractional optimal control|
Direct numerical solution
Fractional integration matrix
Trapezoidal and Simpson fractional integral formulas
|Abstract:||This paper presents three direct methods based on Grünwald–Letnikov, trapezoidal and Simpson fractional integral formulas to solve fractional optimal control problems (FOCPs). At first, the fractional integral form of FOCP is considered, then the fractional integral is approximated by Grünwald–Letnikov, trapezoidal and Simpson formulas in a matrix approach. Thereafter, the performance index is approximated either by trapezoidal or Simpson quadrature. As a result, FOCPs are reduced to nonlinear programming problems, which can be solved by many well-developed algorithms. To improve the efficiency of the presented method, the gradient of the objective function and the Jacobian of constraints are prepared in closed forms. It is pointed out that the implementation of the methods is simple and, due to the fact that there is no need to derive necessary conditions, the methods can be simply and quickly used to solve a wide class of FOCPs. The efficiency and reliability of the presented methods are assessed by ample numerical tests involving a free final time with path constraint FOCP, a bang-bang FOCP and an optimal control of a fractional-order HIV-immune system.|
|Appears in Collections:||CIDMA - Artigos|
SCG - Artigos
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|Direct transcription methods based on fractional integral.pdf||1.51 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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