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Title: Using Life Cycle Assessment methodology to assess UHT milk production in Portugal
Author: González-García, Sara
Castanheira, Érica G.
Dias, Ana Cláudia
Arroja, Luís
Keywords: Dairy sector
Environmental analysis
Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Inventory (LCI)
Ultra High Temperature (UHT)
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Milk and dairy products constitute an important ingredient in the human diet. Ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk is the main dairy product consumed in Portugal and its production entails large inputs of resources which derive on negative environmental effects such as nutrient enrichment of the ecosystem and climate change.In this study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was considered for the environmental assessment of packaged UHT milk produced in Portugal, including simple (whole, semi-skimmed and skimmed) and cocoa milk from a cradle-to-gate perspective and to identify the environmental hot spots. Results showed that the production of the raw milk in the dairy farm is the main hot spot in almost all the categories under assessment mainly due to the emissions from enteric fermentation, manure management and fertilisers production and application. Furthermore, on-site emissions derived from dairy factory are remarkable together with the packages and energy requirements production. The values reported in this study are in the range of other related papers. However, differences were also identified due to several reasons such as allocation approach, data sources, characterisation factors, farm management regimes and assumptions considered. Therefore, these aspects should be carefully addressed and sensitivity to the assumptions and uncertainty of the results should be evaluated.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.10.035
ISSN: 0048-9697
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DAO - Artigos

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