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Title: Disposable immunosensors for C-reactive protein based on carbon nanotubes field effect transistors
Author: Justino, Celine I. L.
Freitas, Ana C.
Amaral, José P.
Rocha-Santos, Teresa A. P.
Cardoso, Susana
Duarte, Armando C.
Keywords: C-reactive protein
Carbon nanotubes
Cardiovascular diseases
Disposable biosensors
Field effect transistor
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Label-free immunosensors based on single-walled carbon nanotubes field effect transistor (NTFET) devices were developed for the detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) which is currently the best validated inflammatory biomarker associated with cardiovascular diseases. The immunoreaction principle consists in the direct adsorption of CRP specific antibodies (anti-CRP) to single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) networks. Such anti-CRP are the molecular receptors of CRP antigens which, in turn, can be detected by the developed NTFET devices in a linear dynamic range of 10−4–102μg/mL. Thus, typical values of CRP (in blood serum) for healthy persons (<1 μg/mL), and higher levels (>5 μg/mL) corresponding to pathological states, can be both detected with the NTFET immunosensors, becoming an advantageous alternative as the basis for the development of analytical instrumentation for assessment of risk of occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. A log–log linear regression was applied to the experimental data with a correlation coefficient of r=0.9962 (p<0.001), and there is no statistical difference (from ANOVA) between individual NTFET devices (p=0.9582), demonstrating acceptable reproducibility. According to the experimental results, the estimate of detection limit (LOD, 10−4μg/mL) is 3-fold lower than that of some conventional immunoassay techniques for blood serum (e.g., LOD of 0.2 μg/mL for high-sensitivity enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and the dynamic range (10−4–102μg/mL) is about 6-fold higher. Furthermore, this simple and low-cost methodology allows the use of sample volumes as low as 1 μL for the label-free detection of CRP.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2013.03.007
ISSN: 0039-9140
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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