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Title: Dissolved organic and inorganic matter in bulk deposition of a coastal urban area: an integrated approach
Author: Santos, Patrícia S. M.
Santos, Eduarda B. H.
Duarte, Armando C.
Keywords: Air mass trajectory
Bulk deposition
Bulk deposition flux
Ion composition
Seasonal variation
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Bulk deposition can remove atmospheric organic and inorganic pollutants that may be associated with gaseous, liquid or particulate phases. To the best of our knowledge, few studies have been carried out, which simultaneously analyse the presence of organic and inorganic fractions in rainwater. In the present work, the complementarity of organic and inorganic data was assessed, through crossing data of some organic [DOC (dissolved organic carbon), absorbance at 250 nm (UV250nm), integrated fluorescence] and inorganic [H+, NH4+, NO3−, non sea salt sulphate (NSS-SO42−)] parameters measured in bulk deposition in the coastal urban area of Aveiro. The organic and inorganic parameters analysed were positively correlated (p < 0.001) except for H+, which suggests that a constant fraction of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) came from anthropogenic sources. Furthermore, the inverse correlations observed for the organic and inorganic parameters with the precipitation amount suggest that organic and inorganic fractions were incorporated into the rainwater partially by below-cloud scavenging of airborne particulate matter. This is in accordance with the high values of DOC and NO3− found in samples associated with marine air masses, which were linked in part to the contribution of local emissions from vehicular traffic. DOC of bulk deposition was the predominant constituent when compared with the constituents H+, NH4+, NO3− and NSS-SO42−, and consequently bulk deposition flux was also highest for DOC, highlighting the importance of DOC and of anthropogenic ions being simultaneously removed from the atmosphere by bulk deposition. However, it was verified that the contribution of anthropogenic sources to the DOC of bulk deposition may be different for distinct urban areas. Thus, it is recommended that organic and inorganic fractions of bulk deposition are studied together.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.04.022
ISSN: 0301-4797
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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