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Title: Survival Rate of Dental Implants in Patients with History of Periodontal Disease: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Author: Correia, F.
Gouveia, S.
Felino, A. C.
Costa, A. L.
Almeida, R. F.
Keywords: Periodontal diseases
Dental implants
Survival rate
Cohort studies
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2017
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Purpose – To evaluate the differences between the survival rates of implants placed in patients with no history of periodontal disease (NP) and in patients with history of chronic periodontal disease (CP). Materials and Methods – A retrospective cohort study was conducted in which all consenting patients treated with dental implants in a private clinic in Oporto, Portugal, from November 2, 2002 through February 11, 2011 were included. All patients were treated consecutively by the same experimental operator. This study aimed to analyze how the primary outcomes (presence of disease, time of placement and time of loading) and the secondary outcomes (severity generalized periodontitis, brand, implant length, prosthesis type, prosthesis metal-ceramic (PFM) extension) influence the survival rate of dental implants. The survival analysis was performed through the Kaplan-Meier method and the equality of survival distributions for all groups was tested with the log-rank test with a significance level of 0.05 for all comparisons. Results - The sample consisted of 202 patients (47% NP and 53% CP) and 689 implants (31% NP and 69% CP). The survival rate in NP and CP groups showed no statistically significant differences (95.8% versus 93.1%, p>=0.05). Implants were lost before loading in 54.9% of the cases. The majority of the implants were lost in the first year and stabilized after the second year. Survival rates in NP and CP patients showed no statistically significant differences when comparing the following factors: sub-classification of the disease, implant brands, implant length (short/standard), type of prosthesis, extension of the PFM and time of placement and loading (p>=0.05). Conclusions –This work disclosed no statistically significant differences in terms of survival rates when compared to the control group. Placing implants in patients with a history of periodontal disease appears to be viable and safe.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3732
ISSN: 0882-2786
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Artigos
IEETA - Artigos
PSG - Artigos

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