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|Title:||Phosphotungstates as catalysts for monoterpenes oxidation: Homo- and heterogeneous performance|
|Author:||Balula, Salete S.|
Santos, Isabel C. M. S.
Carvalho, Ana P.
Cavaleiro, Jose A. S.
de Castro, Baltazar
Cavaleiro, Ana M. V.
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Abstract:||Lacunary (PW11), mono-substituted (PW11M) and sandwich type M-4(PW9)(2) phosphotungstates (M = Co-II, Fe-III) exhibits high catalytic activity for geraniol and R-(+)-limonene oxidation under mild conditions, using hydrogen peroxide as oxidant and acetonitrile as solvent. The best homogeneous performance was found for the PW11 and for the Co-4(PW9)(2). Complete conversion of geraniol and R-(+)-limonene was achieved after 1.5 h and 3 h of reaction, respectively, when catalyzed by PW11. The yield of 2,3-epoxygeraniol was 100% in the presence of lacunary PW11 and mono-substituted compounds. PW11 and Co-4(PW9)(2) were immobilized on an amine-functionalized SBA-15 (aptesSBA-15) and the composites materials were characterized by FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-vis/DRS, P-31 MAS NMR, elemental analysis and SEM-EDS. Their heterogeneous catalytic activity was investigated for the same substrates and compared with that in homogeneous conditions. The PW11@aptesSBA-15 and Co-4(PW9)(2)@aptesSBA-15 showed to be active heterogeneous catalysts for geraniol epoxidation with 100% of selectivity for 2,3-epoxide. R-(+)-limonene was also oxidized by PW11@aptesSBA-15 achieving 90% of conversion after 24 h of reaction. Both composites could be separated after the reaction and reused for at least three cycles without loss of activity. The stability of the heterogeneous catalysts after catalytic reactions was investigated by different techniques of characterization. (C) 2012 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||CICECO - Artigos|
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