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|Title:||Assessing the non-ideality of the CO2-CS2 system at molecular level: A Raman scattering study|
Cabao, M. I.
Coutinho, J. A. P.
|Publisher:||AMER INST PHYSICS|
|Abstract:||The dense phase of CO2-CS2 mixtures has been analysed by Raman spectroscopy as a function of the CO2 concentration (0.02-0.95 mole fractions) by varying the pressure (0.5 MPa up to 7.7 MPa) at constant temperature (313 K). The polarised and depolarised spectra of the induced (nu(2), nu(3)) modes of CS2 and of the nu(1)-2 nu(2) Fermi resonance dyad of both CO2 and CS2 have been measured. Upon dilution with CO2, the evolution of the spectroscopic observables of all these modes displays a \"plateau-like\" region in the CO2 mole fraction 0.3-0.7 never previously observed in CO2-organic liquids mixtures. The bandshape and intensity of the induced modes of CS2 are similar to those of pure CS2 up to equimolar concentration, after which variations occur. The preservation of the local ordering from pure CS2 to equimolar concentration together with the non-linear evolution of the spectroscopic observables allows inferring that two solvation regimes exist with a transition occurring in the plateau domain. In the first regime, corresponding to CS2 concentrated mixtures, the liquid phase is segregated with dominant CS2 clusters, whereas, in the second one, CO2 monomers and dimers and CO2-CS2 hetero-dimers coexist dynamically on a picosecond time-scale. It is demonstrated that the subtle interplay between attractive and repulsive interactions which provides a molecular interpretation of the non-ideality of the CO2-CS2 mixture allows rationalizing the volume expansion and the existence of the plateau-like region observed in the pressure-composition diagram previously ascribed to the proximity of an upper critical solution temperature at lower temperatures. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.|
|Appears in Collections:||CICECO - Artigos|
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