Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/19303
Title: Lipophilic extractives from the bark of Eucalyptus grandis x globulus, a rich source of methyl morolate: Selective extraction with supercritical CO2
Author: Patinha, D. J. S.
Domingues, R. M. A.
Villaverde, J. J.
Silva, A. M. S.
Silva, C. M.
Freire, C. S. R.
Pascoal Neto, C.
Silvestre, A. J. D.
Keywords: CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY
VALUE TRITERPENIC COMPOUNDS
MORONIC ACID-DERIVATIVES
ANTI-AIDS AGENTS
FLUID EXTRACTION
URSOLIC ACID
PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENES
CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION
GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY
OLEANOLIC ACID
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Abstract: The chemical composition of the lipohilic extracts of the inner and outer barks of Eucalyptus grandis x globulus, cultivated in Portugal, was studied by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The two bark fractions show different chemical compositions. beta-Sitosterol is the most abundant compound in the inner bark (82 mg kg(-1)), while long chain aliphatic alcohols are the main family of components accounting for 208 mg kg(-1). In the outer bark fraction, triterpenic compounds (8.5 g kg(-1)) are the most abundant ones from which methyl morolate (methyl 3-hydroxyolean-18-en-28-oate) is the chief component (3 g kg(-1)). This oleanane type tritepenic acid methyl ester was identified here for the first time as a component of Eucalyptus bark tissues using GC-MS and NMR. Other high value triterpenic acids such as ursolic, oleanolic and betulinic acids, accounting for 1.3, 0.9 and 0.6 g kg(-1), respectively, were also detected in this fraction. Finally, the extraction of methyl morolate with supercritical CO2 was also carried out aiming at designing an environmentally friendly extraction alternative for this abundant compound. At 20 MPa and 333K, the methyl morolate extraction attained a plateau at 6h. In the whole, the acetylated triterpenic acids were more significantly extracted when compared to their free acids, which is directly related with the less polar nature of the former molecules. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/19303
DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.06.056
ISSN: 0926-6690
Publisher Version: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.06.056
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos



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