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|Title:||Phase behavior and mixed ionic-electronic conductivity of Ba4Sb2O9|
|Author:||Dunstan, Matthew T.|
Pavan, Adriano F.
Kharton, Vladislav V.
Kimpton, Justin A.
Kolotygin, Vladislav A.
Tsipis, Ekaterina V.
Ling, Chris D.
|Keywords:||TEMPERATURE PROTON CONDUCTIVITY|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Abstract:||The 6H-type perovskite phase Ba4Sb2O9, which decomposes in air below 600 K, is found to survive to room temperature in a CO2-free atmosphere. It shows substantial mixed protonic, oxide ionic and electronic conductivity. Compared to Ba4Nb2O9 and Ba4Ta2O9, Ba4Sb2O9 shows higher ionic conductivity due to the relatively easy reducibility of Sb5+, but lower electronic conductivity due to the predominantly n-type conductivity provided by the Sb5+/Sb3+ redox couple which leads to reduced hole concentration under oxidizing conditions. Variable temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction studies carried out in situ under controlled atmospheres reveal a strong monoclinic distortion below 1150 K. The hexagonal to monoclinic transition is slow, does not show second-order behavior, is strongly dependent on atmosphere, and coincides with the loss of similar to 0.4 molecules of H2O per formula unit of Ba4Sb2O9. All of this suggests an important structural role for protons or hydroxide ions in the monoclinic phase. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||CICECO - Artigos|
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|Phase behavior and mixed ionic-electronic conductivity of Ba 4Sb2O9_10.1016j.ssi.2013.01.008.pdf||327.17 kB||Adobe PDF|
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