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Title: Physiological and biochemical responses of the Polychaete Diopatra neapolitana to organic matter enrichment
Author: Carregosa, Vanessa
Velez, Cátia
Pires, Adília
Soares, Amadeu M. V. M.
Figueira, Etelvina
Freitas, Rosa
Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes
Body regeneration
Organic matter
Oxidative stress
Oyster culture
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Several studies have demonstrated that organic matter enrichment may be associated to aquaculture, leading to impoverished benthic communities and species succession with loss of biodiversity, but very few studies have investigated biochemical and physiological alterations that species affected by aquaculture activities undergo. Thus, in the present study, the effects of the organic enrichment originating from an oyster culture were studied in the Polychaete Diopatra neapolitana, a species already shown to be sensitive to inorganic contamination. For this, physiological responses and biochemical alterations were evaluated. The results obtained revealed that individuals from highly organically enriched areas presented lower capacity to regenerate their body but higher glycogen and protein levels. Furthermore, with increasing organic matter D. neapolitana increased the lipid peroxidation (LPO), the oxidized glutathione content (GSSG) and Glutathione S-transferase activity (GSTs) content, and the activity of the antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). This study evidenced that organic matter enrichment induced biochemical and physiological alterations in D. neapolitana. Thus, this species was shown to be a good sentinel species to monitor organic contamination.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.05.029
ISSN: 0166-445X
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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