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Title: Xylan and xylan derivatives: their performance in bio-based films and effect of glycerol addition
Author: Sousa, Sónia
Ramos, Ana
Evtuguin, Dmitry V.
Gamelas, José A.F.
Keywords: Wood xylan
Xylan derivatives
Mechanical properties
Water vapour barrier
Oxygen barrier
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: In this work, the successful derivatization of a beechwood xylan (BX) by carboxymethylation and hydroxypropylation was achieved aimed to produce bio-based films. Carboxymethyl xylan (CMX) and hydroxypropyl xylan (HPX) with a substitution degree of 0.3 and 1.1, respectively, as determined by 1H NMR, were synthesised. The xylan’s characterization by thermogravimetric analysis showed that HPX is thermally more stable than CMX or BX. The ability of the xylan derivatives to form films and the effect of the glycerol addition on the films performance were evaluated. Tensile strength, Young’s modulus and water vapour permeability of self-supporting CMX films were higher and the elongation at break lower than those of the corresponding HPX films. The water vapour barrier properties of CMX and HPX films were improved with 10% glycerol addition. Oxygen barrier property was exceptionably good for a CMX film plasticized with 25% of glycerol (oxygen permeability of 0.5 cm3 μm m−2 d−1 kPa−1) while higher oxygen permeability values were obtained for HPX films. Favourable characteristics were found that may enable the use of these films in, e.g., coatings for packaging.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.09.031
ISSN: 0926-6690
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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