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Title: Defect chemistry and relaxation processes: effect of an amphoteric substituent in lead-free BCZT ceramics
Author: Coondoo, Indrani
Panwar, Neeraj
Vidyasagar, Reddithota
Kholkin, Andrei L.
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: The Royal Society of Chemistry
Abstract: The effect of praseodymium (Pr), an amphoteric substituent, on phase transition, dielectric relaxation and electrical conductivity has been studied and analysed in 0.5Ba(Zr0 2Ti0 8)O3-0.5(Ba0 7Ca0 3)TiO3 (BCZT) ceramics synthesized by a solid state reaction method. Structural investigations showed co-existence of two phases tetragonal (P4mm) and rhombohedral (R3m) for compositions with x r 0.05 wt% Pr. Temperature dependent dielectric studies revealed two phase transitions rhombohedral (R) - tetragonal (T) and T - cubic (C) that gradually evolved into one T - C transition for x 4 0.05 wt% Pr in BCZT. A dielectric relaxation behaviour was observed in the temperature range of 275 500 1C that was attributed to the localized relaxation process (short-range hopping motion of oxygen vacancies) in the bulk of the material. Grain and grain boundary conductivity evaluated from the impedance data revealed that Pr acts as a donor dopant for x r 0.05 wt% while it is an acceptor for higher concentration, in accordance with XRD observations. Defect chemistry analysis for better interpretation of the acquired data is presented. Frequency and temperature dependent ac conductivity studies were also performed and the obtained activation energy values were associated with possible conduction mechanisms.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1039/c6cp06244j
ISSN: 1463-9076
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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