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Title: Trace element fingerprinting of cockle (Cerastoderma edule) shells can reveal harvesting location in adjacent areas
Author: Ricardo, Fernando
Génio, Luciana
Leal, Miguel Costa
Albuquerque, Rui
Queiroga, Henrique
Rosa, Rui
Calado, Ricardo
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Determining seafood geographic origin is critical for controlling its quality and safeguarding the interest of consumers. Here, we use trace element fingerprinting (TEF) of bivalve shells to discriminate the geographic origin of specimens. Barium (Ba), manganese (Mn), magnesium (Mg), strontium (Sr) and lead (Pb) were quantified in cockle shells (Cerastoderma edule) captured with two fishing methods (by hand and by hand-raking) and from five adjacent fishing locations within an estuarine system (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal). Results suggest no differences in TEF of cockle shells captured by hand or by hand-raking, thus confirming that metal rakes do not act as a potential source of metal contamination that could somehow bias TEF results. In contrast, significant differences were recorded among locations for all trace elements analysed. A Canonical Analysis of Principal Coordinates (CAP) revealed that 92% of the samples could be successfully classified according to their fishing location using TEF. We show that TEF can be an accurate, fast and reliable method to determine the geographic origin of bivalves, even among locations separated less than 1 km apart within the same estuarine system. Nonetheless, follow up studies are needed to determine if TEF can reliably discriminate between bivalves originating from different ecosystems.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1038/srep11932
ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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