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Title: Granite emplacement at the termination of a major Variscan transcurrent shear zone: the late collisional Viseu batholith
Author: Valle Aguado, B.
Azevedo, M. R.
Nolan, J.
Medina, J.
Costa, M. M.
Corfu, F.
Martínez Catalán, J. R.
Keywords: Late collisional Variscan plutonism
Viseu batholith
Iberian Massif
ID TIMS U-Pb zircon ages
Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS)
Pluton emplacement
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: A major event of plutonic activity occurred all across the Central Iberian Zone of the Iberian Variscan Belt at the end of Late Paleozoic Variscan collisional tectonism. The present study focuses on the western sector of the Viseu late-post-tectonic batholith (central Portugal), a large composite intrusion comprising three main plutonic units: (a) small bodies of mafic to intermediate composition preferentially concentrated along the northern border, (b) a wide ring of coarse porphyritic biotite monzogranite (Cota-Viseu granite) and (c) a more evolved medium porphyritic, biotite-muscovite monzogranite occupying the central part of the intrusion (Alcafache granite). The compositional zonation pattern of the whole batholith and the complex mixing/mingling relationships between the voluminous Cota-Viseu porphyritic granite and the mafic/intermediate rocks suggest that these melts were withdrawn from a lower crustal source region undergoing partial melting, invasion by mantle-derived mafic magmas, mixing and fractional crystallization. New CA-ID-TIMS U-Pb zircon ages indicate that pluton assembly via multipulse injection of successive magma batches took place between 299.4 ± 0.4 Ma and 296.0 ± 0.6 Ma. A detailed anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) survey suggests that pluton emplacement occurred at the extensional termination of a regional-scale, ENE-WSW trending, sinistral D3 shear zone - the Juzbado-Penalva Shear Zone (JPSZ). A dilational opening model involving the development of “en-échelon” tensional gashes at the extensional termination of the fault, followed by progressive opening and widening of north-south trending fractures, provided the space into which the successive magma batches arriving from below were emplaced. Vertical inflation was accommodated by depression of the pluton floor. The proposed model is consistent with the asymmetric wedge-shaped geometry of the intrusion (steep root zone on the northern side, discordant subvertical walls and a shallowing pluton floor towards the south).
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.04.002
ISSN: 0191-8141
Appears in Collections:DGeo - Artigos

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