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Title: Iron Kα line of boson stars
Author: Cao, Zheng
Cárdenas-Avendaño, Alejandro
Zhou, Menglei
Bambi, Cosimo
Herdeiro, Carlos A. R.
Radu, Eugen
Keywords: Astrophysical black holes
Issue Date: 3-Oct-2016
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Abstract: The present paper is a sequel to our previous work [1] in which we studied the iron Kα line expected in the reflection spectrum of Kerr black holes with scalar hair. These metrics are solutions of Einstein's gravity minimally coupled to a massive, complex scalar field. They form a continuous bridge between a subset of Kerr black holes and a family of rotating boson stars depending on one extra parameter, the dimensionless scalar hair parameter q, ranging from 0 (Kerr black holes) to 1 (boson stars). Here we study the limiting case q = 1, corresponding to rotating boson stars. For comparison, spherical boson stars are also considered. We simulate observations with XIS/Suzaku. Using the fact that current observations are well fit by the Kerr solution and thus requiring that acceptable alternative compact objects must be compatible with a Kerr fit, we find that some boson star solutions are relatively easy to rule out as potential candidates to explain astrophysical black holes, while other solutions, which are neither too dilute nor too compact are more elusive and we argue that they cannot be distinguished from Kerr black holes by the analysis of the iron line with current X-ray facilities.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/10/003
ISSN: 1475-7516
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