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Title: Transcriptomic, biochemical and individual markers in transplanted Daphnia magna to characterize impacts in the field
Author: Rivetti, Claudia
Campos, Bruno
Faria, Melissa
Català, Nuria De Castro
Malik, Amrita
Muñoz, Isabel
Tauler, Romà
Soares, Amadeu M. V. M.
Osorio, Victoria
Pérez, Sandra
Gorga, Marina
Petrovic, Mira
Mastroianni, Nicola
López de Alda, Miren
Masiá, Ana
Campo, Julian
Picó, Yolanda
Guasc, Helena
Barceló, Damià
Barata, Carlos
Keywords: Daphnia
Water quality
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Daphnia magna individuals were transplanted across 12 sites from three Spanish river basins (Llobregat, Ebro, Jucar) showing different sources of pollution. Gene transcription, feeding and biochemical responses in the field were assessed and comparedwith those obtained in re-constitutedwater treatments spikedwith organic eluates obtained fromwater samples collected at the same locations and sampling periods. Up to 166 trace contaminants were detected in water and classified by their mode of action into 45 groups that included metals, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, illicit drugs, and other industrial compounds. Physicochemical water parameters differentiated the three river basins with Llobregat having the highest levels of conductivity, metals and pharmaceuticals, followed by Ebro, whereas the Jucar river had the greatest levels of illicit drugs. D. magna grazing rates and cholinesterase activity responded similarly than the diversity of riparian benthic communities. Transcription patterns of 13 different genes encoding for general stress, metabolismand energy processes,molting and xenobiotic transporters corroborate phenotypic responses differentiated siteswithin and across river basins. Principal Component Analysis and Partial Least Square Projections to Latent Structures regression analyses indicated that measured in situ responses ofmost genes and biomarkers and that of benthicmacroinvertebrate diversity indexeswere affected by distinct environmental factors. Conductivity, suspended solids and fungicideswere negatively relatedwith the diversity of macroinvertebrates cholinesterase, and feeding responses. Gene transcripts of heat shock protein and metallothionein were positively related with 11 classes of organic contaminants and 6 metals. Gene transcripts related with signaling paths of molting and reproduction, sugar, protein and xenobiotic metabolism responded similarly in field and lab exposures and were related with high residue concentrations of analgesics, diuretics, psychiatric drugs, β blockers, illicit drugs, trizoles, bisphenol A, caffeine and pesticides. These results indicate that application of omic technologies in the field is a promising subject in water management.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.057
ISSN: 0048-9697
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