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Title: Application of pyrolysed agricultural biowastes as adsorbents for fish anaesthetic (MS-222) removal from water
Author: Ferreira, Catarina I. A.
Calisto, Vânia
Santos, Sérgio M.
Cuerda-Correa, Eduardo M.
Otero, Marta
Nadais, Helena
Esteves, Valdemar I.
Keywords: Pyrolysis
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This work aims to test the adsorption process for the removal of the fish anaesthetic MS-222 from water using biochars obtained from agricultural biowastes (Eucalyptus bark, peanut shells, walnut shells, peach stones, grape seeds and olive waste) as adsorbents. An industrial residue (primary paper mill sludge) and a commercial activated carbon were tested for comparison purposes. The starting materials and the resulting biochars were characterized by elemental and proximate analyses, total organic carbon, FTIR, 13C and 1Hsolid state NMR, and SEM. Also, specific surface area and porosity of biochars were determined. Then, batch kinetic and equilibrium experiments were performed on the adsorption of MS-222 onto the different produced biochars. The fastest kinetic was obtained using primary sludge pyrolysed (30 min to equilibrium attainment) and the highest biochars adsorption capacity was obtained using peanut shells (34mgg−1 of maximum adsorption capacity, predicted by the Langmuir–Freundlich model). Commercial activated carbon reaches 349mgg−1 of maximum adsorption capacity, as predicted by Langmuir model.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2015.01.006
ISSN: 0165-2370
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos

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