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Title: Sea-bottom classification across a shallow-water bar channel and near-shore shelf, using single-beam acoustics
Author: Freitas, R.
Sampaio, L.
Rodrigues, A. M.
Quintino, V.
Keywords: Acoustic ground discrimination system (QTC VIEW)
Benthic biotopes
Manual cluster
Shallow water
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: An acoustic ground discrimination system (QTC VIEW, Series IV) was used to identify and map the bottom acoustic diversity in the bar channel of Ria de Aveiro, Western Portugal. The majority of the survey area presented shallow depth for this type of equipment, ranging mainly from 5 to 15 m. Depth occasionally reached 25 m in specific areas located across the entrance channel, dug by the strong tidal currents, reaching 3 m/s. The acoustic data were submitted to manual and auto-cluster and the results obtained from both procedures were coherent. Using aids to the acoustic classification and ground-truth sediment data, a final solution consisting of four acoustic classes was reached. Their geographical distribution was coincident with the spatial distribution of the major bottom types and sediment groups (hard bottom, coarse sand, medium sand and fine sand), identified through multivariate analysis of the grain-size data, and reflected the complex hydrodynamics of the entrance channel. The acoustic pattern was coincident at the intersections of the acoustic survey lines, assuring the repeatability of the acoustic procedure. Overall, the acoustic approach showed consistent results for the assessment and mapping of the benthic habitats in this shallow-water coastal area, providing a very valuable tool in an area where conventional sediment sampling is less favourable, namely due to strong tidal currents and frequent ship traffic, such as the entrance channel of Ria de Aveiro and the near-shore adjacent shelf.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2005.07.011
ISSN: 0272-7714
Appears in Collections:Ria de Aveiro - Artigos

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