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Title: Sr and Nd isotope data for arc-related (meta) volcanics (SW Iberia)
Author: Santos, J. F.
Mata, J.
Ribeiro, S.
Fernandes, J.
Silva, J.
Keywords: Ossa-Morena Zone
Odivelas Unit
Arc magmatism
Sr and Nd isotope composition
Issue Date: Jul-2013
Publisher: The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Abstract: In the southern sector of the Ossa-Morena Zone (Iberian Variscan Chain), along its boundaries with the Beja-Acebuches Ophiolite and the South-Portuguese Zone, Upper Palaeozoic igneous mafic and intermediate rocks, both intrusive and extrusive, are widely represented. The so-called Odivelas Unit (Andrade,1983), include (meta-) basalts and (meta-) andesites, which, according with previous studies, display low-K tholeiitic to calc-alkaline signatures and, therefore, are interpreted as remnants of an active margin volcanic arc. Santos et al. (1990) subdivided those volcanics into two groups: in Alfundão-Peroguarda, the tholeiitic nature is dominant; in Odivelas-Penique, the calc-alkaline signature becomes more pronounced. Intercalation of limestone layers provided some age constraints, showing that the subduction-related volcanic activity in the studied area began in the Lower Devonian and continued, at least, through the Middle Devonian (Conde & Andrade, 1974; Machado et al., 2010). In this work, samples previously studied by Santos et al. (1990) and Silva et al. (2011) were analysed for Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr isotopes. Considering that the volcanics were systematically affected by hydrothermal metamorphism, it is expected that the Sr signatures show significant disturbance. In contrast, Nd isotope ratios probably reflect the primary features. Alfundão-Peroguarda samples show a very limited range of positive initial εNd, from +5.1 to +4.3 (assuming 400 Ma), showing no evidence for significant crustal assimilation and, therefore, allowing the attribution of negative Nb and Ta anomalies to arc-related processes On the other hand, 87Sr/86Sr varies from 0.7044 to 0.7060 (for 400Ma). These samples rocks define a horizontal trend on the initial εNd vs. initial 87Sr/86Sr plot, typical of co-genetic rocks that underwent interaction with seawater. On the other hand, Odivelas-Penique volcanics show wide spectra for both initial 87Sr/86Sr (from 0.7038 to 0.7066) and εNd (from +4.6 to -4.1). Significantly, the highest εNd values for this group are within the narrow range defined by Alfundão-Peroguarda tholeiitic basalts, suggesting a common mantle source (or very similar sources) for the most mafic magmas of both sectors. The whole set of Nd isotope ratios supports the distinction previously proposed between the two groups of volcanics. In addition, the variation from positive to negative initial εNd values in the Odivelas-Penique suite shows that its geochemical features were likely influenced by assimilation of continental crustal material.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1180/minmag.2013.077.5.19
ISSN: 0026-461X
Appears in Collections:DGeo - Comunicações

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