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 Professional male singers’ formant tuning strategies for the vowel /a/
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item http://hdl.handle.net/10773/7019

title: Professional male singers’ formant tuning strategies for the vowel /a/
authors: Sundberg, J.
Lã, F.M.B.
Gill, B.P.
keywords: Formant tuning
harmonics
male singers
spectrum
issue date: Dec-2011
publisher: Informa Healthcare
abstract: Certain spectrum characteristics have been identifi ed as important for register equalization around the male passaggio, an effect ascribed to formant tuning although descriptions of formant tuning diverge. Eight professional singers sang scales including their passaggio range on different vowels, applying two formant tuning strategies as found in (1) classical and (2) non-classical singing. Formant frequencies were measured using inverse fi ltering. Results revealed differences between the two strategies. For the classical formant tuning, systematic changes of formant frequencies with pitch were observed. For the highest note sung on /a/, F1 was below the second partial and F2 in the vicinity of the third. Similar spectrum characteristics were achieved by different F1 and F2 values between singers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/7019
ISSN: 1651-2022
publisher version/DOI: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/14015439.2011.587448
source: Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology
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