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|title: ||Modes of innovation and integration capability: evidence from product development in equipment machinery|
|authors: ||Varum, C. A.|
|keywords: ||Modes of innovation|
|issue date: ||2007|
|abstract: ||Product innovation is a subtle process, frequently leading to shifts in the competitiveness of
firms. Developing products in an environment undergoing technological change is given to
frequent failure, even in well-established and sophisticated organizations. In order to tackle
competitiveness and to deal with innovation uncertainty, firms develop diverse innovation
processes. Two modes of innovation are suggested in recent literature: 1) Science, Technology
and Innovation (STI) mode, which is based on the production and use of codified scientific
and technical knowledge; and 2) Doing, Using and Interacting (DUI) mode, which relies on
informal processes of learning and experience-based know-how.
In this paper we analyse product innovation at firm level. We perform an exploratory analysis
in four leading equipment and machinery producers from the Aveiro region, in Portugal.
Doing so, we explore the main features of the capital goods’ industry with implications for
innovation, and analyse the dominant uncertainties associated to the innovation process. and
modes of innovation. Key findings include the complete absence of DUI mode in the cases
studied, and even a low learning characteristic in one company. The paper concludes by
considering the implications for firms’ competitiveness and for innovation policy.|
|source: ||European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE) 2007 Conference|
|appears in collections||DEGEI - Comunicações|
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