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 DNA barcoding reveals cryptic diversity in marine hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from coastal and deep-sea environments
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item http://hdl.handle.net/10773/6563

title: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic diversity in marine hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from coastal and deep-sea environments
authors: Moura, CJ
Harris, DJ
Cunha, MR
Rogers, AD
keywords: CYTOCHROME-OXIDASE SUBUNIT
MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA
MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS
SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
ANTHOZOA CNIDARIA
RDNA DATA
issue date: Jan-2008
publisher: Wiley Blackwell
abstract: Fifty-six sequences of the mitochondrial 16S RNA gene were generated for hydroids, belonging to six nominal families - Eudendriidae, Lafoeidae, Haleciidae, Sertulariidae, Plumulariidae and Aglaopheniidae - collected from bathyal environments of the Gulf of Cadiz (22 haplotypes), Greenland (1 haplotype), Azores (1 haplotype), the shallow waters of the UK (17 haplotypes) and Portugal (2 haplotypes). When combined and analysed with 68 additional sequences published in GenBank, corresponding to 63 nominal species of these families (nine species in common between the GenBank sequences and those presented by the authors), cryptic species were detected (e.g. two species of Nemertesia and other of Lafoea), as well as apparent cases of conspecificity (e.g. Nemertesia antennina and N. perrieri and Aglaophenia octodonta, A. pluma and A. tubiformis). Other taxonomic inconsistencies were found in the data including cases where species from different genera clustered together (e.g. Sertularia cupressina, Thuiaria thuja, Abietinaria abietina and Ab. filicula). The mitochondrial 16S rRNA proved to be a useful DNA 'barcode' gene for hydroids, not only allowing discrimination of species, but also in some cases of populations, genera and families, and their intra- or interphylogenetic associations. Although still under-represented in public data bases, the 16S rRNA gene is starting to be used frequently in the study of hydroids. These data provide powerful complementary evidence for advancing our understanding of hydrozoan systematics.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/6563
ISSN: 0300-3256
publisher version/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2007.00312.x
source: Zoologica Scripta
appears in collectionsCESAM - Artigos
BIO - Artigos
PT Mar - Artigos

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