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 Non-stoichiometric La(1-x)NiO(3-delta) perovskites produced by combustion synthesis
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item http://hdl.handle.net/10773/5321

title: Non-stoichiometric La(1-x)NiO(3-delta) perovskites produced by combustion synthesis
authors: Colomer, María T.
Fumo, Daniel A.
Jurado, José R.
Segadães, Ana M.
issue date: Oct-1999
publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
abstract: La(1-x)NiO(3-delta) perovskites present high metallic conductivity and Pauli-paramagnetism, and could be used as electrodes in electrochemical devices such as SOFCs, PEMFCs and MCFCs. Additionally, due to its sigma* conducting band, this material shows a very high electrocatalytic activity, particularly in oxygen reduction processes, with an efficiency comparable to that of platinum. This work describes the combustion synthesis of La(1-x)NiO(3-delta) perovskite powders (x=0 and 0.1) from mixtures of La(NO3)(3). 6H(2)O and Ni(NO3)(2). 6H(2)O as cation precursors, and urea as fuel. The as-prepared combustion product, characterized by XRD, DTA/TG, SEM/TEM, BET and dilatometry (after compaction), shows a much higher specific surface area than powders obtained via alternative routes and contains La2NiO4 with a typical K2NiF4-type structure, together with small amounts of NiO. The usual subsequent heat treatments for 1 to 12 h at successively higher temperatures showed that full conversion to La(1-x)NiO(3-delta) can be readily achieved in air at 750 degrees C and that the perovskite, after the 12 h heat treatment, remains stable up to 1100 degrees C. These results show that the combustion technique is a better and much simpler route to the synthesis of perovskite powders.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/5321
ISSN: 0959-9428
publisher version/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/a902808k
source: Journal of Materials Chemistry
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