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 Novel bacterial cellulose-acrylic resin nanocomposites
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item http://hdl.handle.net/10773/5128

title: Novel bacterial cellulose-acrylic resin nanocomposites
authors: Trovatti, Eliane
Oliveira, Lúcia
Freire, Carmen S.R.
Silvestre, Armando J.D.
Neto, Carlos Pascoal
Pinto, José J.C. Cruz
Gandini, Alessandro
keywords: Bacterial cellulose
Acrylic resin emulsions
Nano composites
Polymer–matrix composites
Thermomechanical properties
Mechanical properties
issue date: 2010
publisher: Elsevier
abstract: The preparation and characterization of new nanocomposite films based on two acrylic emulsions, composed of random copolymers of butyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate, and bacterial cellulose is reported. The new composite materials were obtained through a simple and green approach by casting water-based suspensions of the acrylic emulsions and bacterial cellulose nanofibrils. The excellent compatibility between these matrices and the natural reinforcing fibers, observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), was reflected in the enhanced thermal and mechanical properties of the ensuing composites. Thus, an increase of around 30 degrees C in the maximum degradation temperature was observed for a 10% content of bacterial cellulose. The new composites showed glass-rubber transition temperature profiles comparable to those of the pristine matrices, as shown by DMA, and increasing elastic moduli with increasing the bacterial cellulose content. The tensile tests revealed a substantial increase in Young's modulus and tensile strength and a corresponding decrease in elongation at break with increasing bacterial cellulose load. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/5128
ISSN: 0266-3538
publisher version/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2010.02.031
source: Composites Science and Technology
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